Jagan Reddy's 75% Job Quota for Local Youth May Hurt Andhra Pradesh in the Long Run
By News18 27-Jul-2019
The Economic Survey 2017 revealed that the annual average labour migration was close to 9 million between states during 2011-16. States like Delhi, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, and Gujarat attracted large numbers of migrants from the Hindi-speaking states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and Madhya Pradesh. Census 2011 also reported an increase in inter-district migration (within the same state) from 30% between the 1991 and 2001 census to 58% between 2001 and 2011.
Ironically, the state of Kerala with the highest literacy rate of 93.91% as per Census 2011 recorded the maximum number of jobless people at 11.4% along with an increase in internal migration rate as per Economic Survey 2017. Possibly a reflection of an under-skilled industry-ready workforce which is pushing locals to migrate to other regions within the country.
Factors such as work/business, education, marriage etc. have been the key reasons cited behind such high numbers. Rising labour mobility has cut across language barriers and is more pronounced among women.
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