10 Unfulfilled Promises of Modi Government
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10 Unfulfilled Promises of Modi Government

Author: Thamanna Abdul Latheef calender  05 Jun 2018

10 Unfulfilled Promises of Modi Government

In 4 years, Modi never hesitated to take bold decisions like demonetization and surgical strikes against Pakistan. No doubt, 2019 general Assembly election would be a milestone in the history of Indian politics. Despite all the criticisms, Modi and Amit Shah have said on several occasions that they'll present their report card of the government before people to judge and make their verdict. 

Narendra Modi has already made many promises during his election campaign to come into power. As they have completed 80% of their tenure, here are some of the grounds on which Modi’s governance and performance can be evaluated. Will analyze how far he has kept his promises and attempted to fulfill all them so far.

However, here are 10 major promises which the ruling BJP has failed to fulfill in four years.


Job creation and unemployment being the major topics for discussion, the latest data released by the Employees' Provident Fund Organization (EPFO) and the National Pension System (NPS) show that around 22 lakh jobs have been created in the country in the last six months (up to February 2018). Though this gives the Modi government a major boost, promise to create 1 million jobs is still not yet fulfilled.

Interestingly, both PM Modi’s and BJP supremo Amit Shah’s comment on ' selling 'pakoda' were ridiculed by the Opposition as they have reiterated that it is better to sell 'pakodas' or be a labourer than to be unemployed. Amit Shah has clearly stated that all the 125 crore Indians cannot get jobs and he finds self-employment the best solution to the issue of unemployment.

BJP also claimed 9 crore people had got self-employment through the Mudra scheme and other government schemes such as Stand Up India and Startup India. But, we haven’t done dealing with the menace of unemployment yet!


The BJP-led NDA government has failed to control the prices of petroleum products in the country as it is reeling under highest ever petrol and diesel prices of all time. Though the BJP manifesto had a different story to tell altogether, still it promised that the government would take strict measures to check price rise and would set up special courts to stop hoarding and black marketing. However, no special courts have been set up so far. Besides the petroleum products, the prices of other commodities are also hovering on the higher side.


Farm sector in the country hasn’t achieved the heights as it was promised by the BJP. Farmer loans and lack of crop insurance still remain a major cause of concern even now. Among the promises, ensuring a minimum of 50 percent profits over the cost of production for the farmers, reforming Agriculture Produce Market Committee (APMC) Act 2003, implementing farm insurance and adopting a 'National Land Use Policy' occupied a major place.

Despite the fact that the farmers are in distress in almost all the states, the APMC Act reforms and 50 percent profit over production costs have not yet been implemented. The Agriculture ministry has released a draft Model Contract Farming Act, 2018 to create a regulatory and policy framework for contract farming. But the Act still remains to be amended.


The BJP manifesto mentioned that its government would ensure shelter equipped with electricity, water, toilets and access to everybody under 'Building India'. Unfortunately, this promise is far from the reality in most parts of the nation.


According to the promises, the government was committed to providing 33 percent reservation in parliamentary and state assemblies through a constitutional amendment. When the Congress-led UPA government was in power, the Women's Reservation Bill was passed by the Rajya Sabha in March 2010. But the Bill is pending in the Lok Sabha. When it comes to atrocities against women and minorities, Modi's silence is also disappointing. 

Despite enjoying a majority in the Lok Sabha, the Modi government has not brought the Bill for passage in the lower house. The government has only three more Parliament sessions left to ensure passage of the Bill before the 2019 Lok Sabha elections are held.


The BJP leaders had promised to bring back black money stashed in overseas banks. However, this remains a promise. The Opposition, particularly Rahul Gandhi, has been taking a jibe at the BJP while asking people whether the Modi government has deposited Rs 15 lakh in their bank accounts.


'Diamond Quadrilateral' bullet train network project was BJP’s promise. However, it has made only a marginal headway on the Ahmedabad-Mumbai stretch. There has been no development for other stretches so far except for the ground-breaking ceremony which was held for this stretch before the Gujarat Assembly election last year.


Despite the passage of four years, the Modi government has not appointed a Lokpal. The issue seems to have been sidelined.


Discussing administration, the manifesto said the hallmarks of BJP's governance model would be it being people-centric, policy-driven, time bound delivery and 'Minimum Government, Maximum Governance'. However, the size of Modi's council of ministers negates the hallmarks.  At present, there are 73 ministers, excluding the prime minister.

The PM can add only eight more ministers as the total number of the council of ministers, excluding him, cannot exceed 81, which is 15 percent of the Lok Sabha's strength of 543 MPs, as per the Constitution (Ninety-first Amendment) Act, 2004. After the second reshuffle of the Modi Cabinet on July 5, 2016, the size of his council of ministers grew to 78. It touched the same number as Manmohan Singh's council of ministers after his last reshuffle.


The Modi government's performance on fulfilling some issues related to the ideology of the BJP and its parent organization - the RSS - may not be up to the mark. The manifesto promised implementation of Uniform Civil Code to protect "culture and heritage... by drawing upon the best traditions and harmonizing them with the modern times". However, it is far from being implemented.

It had talked about "exploring all possibilities within the framework of the constitution to facilitate the construction of the Ram Temple in Ayodhya". However, the matter remains under the purview of the Supreme Court. Apart from that, no progress has been made on the modernization of madrasas as promised.

Discussing 'Greater attention to border areas', the manifesto promised to ensure "return of Kashmiri pandits to Jammu Kashmir, establishing good governance in Jammu and Kashmir while abrogating Article 370 of the Constitution". But neither the Kashmiri pandits have returned to the Valley nor Article 370 has been abrogated despite the BJP ruling the state for the first time in alliance with the PDP.

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