Politics; Strong Pillar of Democracy
Don't you think politics plays a vital role in nation building? Indeed, it's very important to know what's going on around you and how a single law has a massive impact on the life of many in a country like India. Despite the time of elections, politics is directly or indirectly associated with the society and its people. So, here are some of the major aspects of politics. Have a look!
As per definition, it is the process of making decisions that apply to members of a group. It refers to achieving and exercising positions of governance—organized control over a human community, particularly a state.
Politics behind the word 'Politics'!
The word 'Politics' is derived from the Greek word Politika which means "affairs of the cities".
Politics In India
Politics is highly interconnected with that of its public's life. For society's proper functioning, a good system of governance is needed. Even a tiny quake can make the system go upside down which results in chaos and disarray. In shorts, politics is all about taking care of the affairs of people.
Relevance of constitution
‘Constitution is a body of fundamental principles according to which a state or organization is governed’. This means the constitution limits government’s power from exploiting the people of the country. Every citizen of India enjoys complete political rights under the constitution. It ensures equality and provides right to life to everyone irrespective of caste, religion, race, sex etc.
The 'Supreme' Supreme Court
The Supreme Court of India is the highest judicial forum and final court of appeal under the Constitution of India, the highest constitutional court, with the power of constitutional review. As the final court of appeal of the country, it safeguards fundamental rights of citizens and settles disputes between various governments in the country. The law declared by the supreme court becomes binding on all courts within India and also by the union and state governments.
India's government is based on Federalism and elections are conducted by the Election Commission of India. Elected officials are appointed at federal, state and local levels and India follows the process of universal suffrage, the right of almost all adults to vote in political elections.
The Constitution of India allows for up to 552 members in the Lok Sabha, with up to 530 members representing the States. Up to 20 members represent the Union Territories. In practice, 543 members of the Lok Sabha are elected every five years. The Prime Minister of India is elected by members of the Lok Sabha, the lower house of parliament.
The Rajya Sabha is the upper house of parliament. 233 of its members are elected indirectly by the legislative assemblies of the states and the Electoral College of the Union Territories. Interestingly, there are twelve nominated members who are usually an eclectic mix of eminent artists (including actors), scientists, jurists, sportsmen and women, businessmen, journalists and other citizens.
India has a multi-party system with recognition accorded to national and state and District level parties. The status is reviewed periodically by the Election Commission of India. Other political parties that wish to contest local, state or national elections must get registered by the Election Commission of India (ECI). Registered parties will be upgraded as recognized national or state level parties based upon objective criteria.
Though the citizens get the chance to elect their representatives and make the decisions with the help of them at times, the judiciary and the system plays a very important role in both society's development and detriment.
By: Thamanna Abdul Latheef C