Educate Women for a Better India
‘One child, one teacher, one book, one pen can change the world’ these words by Malala Yousafzai’s explains the need for education very well. Article 21/A of the constitution states that "the state shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of 6-14 years in such a manner as a state may be law determined." As per the 2011 census, the female literacy rate in India is just 65.46% which is below than the world average of female literacy rate i.e., 79.7%.
In our so-called ‘modern India’, 53% of girls aged from 5 to 9 are illiterates and 35 million children aged from 6 to 14 years do not attend school. In rural areas, out of every 100 girl child, only one reaches till class 12th and almost 40% of girls leave school even before reaching class 5. Another major factor which is adversely affecting the country’s development in terms of education is the evil of child marriages as 47% of girls get married even before the age of 18.
The educational institutions owned by the government must consider this issue as a serious one, though schemes like ‘BETI BACHAO BETI PADHAO’ will help to elevate the current system. Focusing more on girl education along with providing opportunities to nurture their skills would help in nation building. The male-female ratio in the educational institutes should be seriously addressed. The change has to be brought from the schools as they can alter the mindsets and empower the children, who have the power to transform the future of India. Poverty being another issue, the schemes and policies of the government which are promised must reach the public without any hindrance in delivering. Hence, educating women not only helps in country’s economic development but also improve the status of women in India.